Is Depression a Disease?

Is Depression a Disease?

Depression includes many disorders that can disrupt how a person thinks, feels, and acts, such as anxiety and item-specific phobias. While its effects have proven to be debilitating if left untreated, the good news is that depression symptoms not only can be treated, but minimized with therapy and medication as needed. Here’s how it works.

What is Mental Illness?

There is no such thing as one mental illness. Mental illness encompasses “a wide range of disorders that affect mood, thinking and behavior” per Megellan Health Insights. It affects people around the world of all ages, and doesn’t discriminate against wealth, poverty, creed, ethnicity, or gender. Depression can’t be cured by medicine or force of will, and its roots are deeply planted in soil rich with biology and brain chemistry, family history, and experiences with trauma and abuse.

Mental illness is common worldwide, with causes and symptoms unique to each person. Uncovering what’s bothering a person, and identifying triggers and how to minimize them, takes time, compassion, therapy and sometimes medication like ketamine. Besides depression, mental illness may include:

  • Anxiety – these are most common, affecting upwards of 25 million Americans.
  • Mood disorders, including bipolar.
  • Personality disorders
  • Schizophrenia – affecting a person’s ability to feel, behave, and think clearly.
  • Trauma disorders – as when a person has trouble recovering from a terrifying experience.
  • Eating disorders – either consuming too much or too little food.
  • Addictive behaviors – such as doing whatever necessary to drink alcohol or smoke a cigarette.

Risk Factors and Causes of Depression

According to the National Institute of Mental Health, “Depression is one of the most common mental disorders in the U.S. Current research suggests that depression is caused by a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors.” It’s a mental health disorder observed in people over 12, but mostly in adults 32 and older. Here are the risks to watch out for:

  • A history of depression may result in someone else in the family having the illness later.
  • Experiencing major life events like marriage, births, deaths, stress, or trauma.
  • Taking certain medications or experiencing physical illnesses.
  • If you suffer from low self-esteem, are regularly stressed, or are pessimistic.
  • Your environment. Depression may be common in people with regular exposure to violence, abuse or poverty, or neglect.
  • If you’re depressed, brain scans may identify your frontal lobe as less active than in someone who isn’t depressed. Changes in how the hypothalamus and pituitary gland respond to hormone stimulation may also be a cause.
  • Multiple medical conditions, including sleep disorders, medical problems, anxiety, chronic pain, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder can lead to depression.
  • Misusing drugs and alcohol. In 2018, 21% of adults coupled a substance use disorder with a major depressive episode.

Treatment and Therapy

Depression as a mental illness responds differently to therapy and medication for each person in which it’s diagnosed. Mental illness encompasses many disorders, and there are many kinds of therapy for depression. The key is diagnosis and following a treatment plan. Diagnosis is confirmed if a person has been experiencing depression for two weeks, with a treatment plan customized as needed.

Treatment may include all or any one of the following:

  • Psychotherapy and its subsets, like family-focused therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and interpersonal therapy.
  • Medications like ketamine, but also mood stabilizers, antidepressants, and antipsychotic medications.
  • Prescribing regular exercise for mild symptoms. Some insurance plans offer discounts for local gym memberships.
  • A doctor or therapist may suggest brain stimulation therapies if other therapy or medication doesn’t work. Depressive disorder with psychosis may require electroconvulsive therapy, while severe depression could result in the need for repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation.
  • A low-pressure treatment is light therapy, which helps regulate the hormone melatonin by using a lightbox to bathe the patient in full-spectrum light.
  • Creative approaches, like meditation, faith, acupuncture, and nutrition could be included in a treatment plan.

Besides psychotherapy, antidepressants, or holistic therapies, researchers have shown results for ketamine to treat common symptoms of depression. A report on neuropsychopharmacology affirms its use for treating social anxiety disorders, while another by the U.S. National Institutes of Health shows it helps the management of anxiety and anxiety spectrum disorders.

If you or a loved one is suffering from depression or know someone that is we would like to invite you to contact us today to learn more about the different treatment alternatives that we offer.

 

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🔶ABOUT KEN STARR MD WELLNESS GROUP:

The Ken Starr MD Wellness Group is the place to learn about addiction recovery strategies that have the ability to help you attain freedom. We’re innovative leaders in the treatment of medical detox, recovery, and wellness care. The Wellness Group provides substance abuse treatment, detox, counseling and Ketamine treatments. Come visit us on the California Central Coast.

Ken Starr MD is an expert in NAD+ treatments, Board Certified in Addiction Medicine and an experienced Ketamine provider. We Biohack recovery and detox so our patients can live their best life.

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Disclaimer: This blog and channel are not intended to provide and does not constitute medical, legal, or other professional advice. No physician-patient relationship is formed by the public reading this blog.

 

What are the Symptom of PTSD?

What are the Symptoms of PTSD?

The American Psychiatric Association defines Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) as:

“…a psychiatric disorder that can occur in people who have experienced or witnessed a traumatic event such as a natural disaster, a serious accident, a terrorist act, war/combat, rape or other violent personal assault.

“PTSD has been known by many names in the past, such as “shell shock” during the years of World War I and “combat fatigue” after World War II. But PTSD does not just happen to combat veterans. PTSD can occur in all people, in people of any ethnicity, nationality or culture, and any age. PTSD affects approximately 3.5 percent of U.S. adults, and an estimated one in 11 people will be diagnosed with PTSD in their lifetime. Women are twice as likely as men to have PTSD.”

What the American Psychiatric Association Classifies as Symptoms

In 2013, the PTSD diagnostic criteria of the American Psychiatric Association underwent revision in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). PTSD is now included in a new category, Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders. “All the conditions included in this classification require exposure to a traumatic or stressful event as a diagnostic criterion.” The previous edition, DSM-4, cited 17 PTSD symptoms, but the revised edition has expanded the list. A combination of the symptoms listed below are required for diagnosis, but it’s rare for anyone to have them all.

Criterion A: stressor (one required)

The person was exposed to: death, threatened death, actual or threatened serious injury, or actual or threatened sexual violence, in the following way(s):

  • Direct exposure
  • Witnessing the trauma
  • Learning that a relative or close friend was exposed to a trauma
  • Indirect exposure to aversive details of the trauma, usually in the course of professional duties (e.g., first responders, medics)

Criterion B: intrusion symptoms (one required)

The traumatic event is persistently re-experienced in the following way(s):

  • Unwanted upsetting memories
  • Nightmares
  • Flashbacks
  • Emotional distress after exposure to traumatic reminders
  • Physical reactivity after exposure to traumatic reminders

Criterion C: avoidance (one required)

Avoidance of trauma-related stimuli after the trauma, in the following way(s):

  • Trauma-related thoughts or feelings
  • Trauma-related external reminders

Criterion D: negative alterations in cognitions and mood (two required)

Negative thoughts or feelings that began or worsened after the trauma, in the following way(s):

  • Inability to recall key features of the trauma
  • Overly negative thoughts and assumptions about oneself or the world
  • Exaggerated blame of self or others for causing the trauma
  • Negative affect
  • Decreased interest in activities
  • Feeling isolated
  • Difficulty experiencing positive affect

Criterion E: alterations in arousal and reactivity

Trauma-related arousal and reactivity that began or worsened after the trauma, in the following way(s):

  • Irritability or aggression
  • Risky or destructive behavior
  • Hypervigilance
  • Heightened startle reaction
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Difficulty sleeping

Criterion F: duration (required)

  • Symptoms last for more than 1 month.

Criterion G: functional significance (required)

  • Symptoms create distress or functional impairment (e.g., social, occupational).

Criterion H: exclusion (required)

  • Symptoms are not due to medication, substance use, or other illness.

Risk Factors

Someone who’s experienced events that are shocking, dangerous, or scary (a soldier in combat, or a first responder during the twin tower attacks in New York), may be suffering from symptoms of PTSD. Not everyone who survives a life-altering event will experience PTSD, but those who do may have been exposed to these risk factors described by the National Institute of Mental Health:

  • Surviving Living through perilous traumas and events.
  • Emotional or physical injuries.
  • Being present when someone has been seriously injured or killed
  • Is a survivor of childhood trauma.
  • Experiences feelings of helplessness, horror, or intense fear based on a prior event.
  • Absence or lack of availability of social support after the trauma.
  • Extreme stress, like dealing with pain and injury, the loss of a loved one or losing a home or job.
  • A history of substance abuse or mental illness not directly related to the event.

Getting Help

Do you think you have PTSD? If you can talk to someone you trust and they agree, it may be time to get help. You’ve taken an important step in – validating your experiences with PTSD symptoms and the need for medical attention. After talking to a doctor, you’ll choose a treatment plan which might include medications like ketamine.

According to the American Pharmacist Association, veterans suffering from PTSD used ketamine in trials through the U.S. Veterans Affairs. Tobias Marton, in charge of the infusion program, called the results “impressive.”

Ketamine infusion therapy is an innovative new treatment option that is providing rapid relief for patients who are battling this condition. If you or someone you know is struggling with PTSD we would like to invite you to give us a call today to learn more about Ketamine.

 

🔵LEARN MORE: https://kenstarrmd.com/

❇️SUBSCRIBE: https://bit.ly/38CeUV6

🔶ABOUT KEN STARR MD WELLNESS GROUP:

The Ken Starr MD Wellness Group is the place to learn about addiction recovery strategies that have the ability to help you attain freedom. We’re innovative leaders in the treatment of medical detox, recovery, and wellness care. The Wellness Group provides substance abuse treatment, detox, counseling and Ketamine treatments. Come visit us on the California Central Coast.

Ken Starr MD is an expert in NAD+ treatments, Board Certified in Addiction Medicine and an experienced Ketamine provider. We Biohack recovery and detox so our patients can live their best life.

.🔎ADDICTION RECOVERY RESOURCES 💡

Our Team: https://kenstarrmd.com/about-us/

Our Services: https://kenstarrmd.com/

NAD+ Therapy: https://kenstarrmd.com/nad/

Blog: https://kenstarrmd.com/news-stories/

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/KenStarrMd/

Twitter: https://twitter.com/StarrMDWellness

Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/kenstarrmdwellness/

★☆★ MERCHANDISE: ★☆★

Clean Supplements https://getcleansupplements.com/

CONTACT US:

📞805-242-12360

📧https://kenstarrmd.com/contact-us/

Disclaimer: This video and channel is not intended to provide and does not constitute medical, legal, or other professional advice. No physician-patient relationship is formed by the public watching this video.

 

Can Depression Cause Pain

Yes, there is a close link between pain and depression. It’s a vicious cycle — depression can cause pain, but pain can cause depression as well. Once this cycle has started, it’s a snowball effect where your pain makes your depression worse, and your depression makes the pain worse. Many people suffering from depression even report unexplained aches in their back or
headaches.

Chronic pain can affect mood over time and tends to wear a person down. It also creates other problems that only contribute to depression, such as difficulty sleeping or stress. This chronic pain may also create issues with low self-esteem or may cause social withdrawal or loss of interest in hobbies.
Depression unfortunately, doesn’t just cause pain, it is also linked to other health conditions like
cancer, diabetes, or heart disease.

What is Chronic Pain?

Chronic pain is pain that lasts beyond the usual time it takes for an injury to heal. Chronic pain may also be described as, pain that lasts for longer than three months at a time. Some research indicates that up to half the people suffering from chronic pain also struggle from a depressive or anxiety disorder.

Chronic pain is an emotional condition just as much as it is a physical one. Chronic pain may cause a person to grow isolated from others, or lose the mobility they used to have. Chronic pain can also stem from other conditions like arthritis, migraines, heart disease, or diabetes.Because of the many similarities, it can sometimes be difficult to assess whether a person’s chronic pain triggered their depression, or whether it is the other way around. Someone suffering from chronic pain is three times more likely to develop depression and someone suffering from depression is three times as likely to develop chronic pain. Depression can only further debilitate a person suffering from chronic pain.

Unfortunately, these people are less likely to recognize that they are suffering from depression and thus, less likely to seek treatment. As much as half of the people suffering from depression are diagnosed by their healthcare professionals after only describing physical symptoms. Because pain and depression are so closely linked and difficult to distinguish, it is important to understand both depression and pain and how to treat both.  A person may be suffering from a combination of depression and chronic pain if they exhibit some or all of the following symptoms:

● Loss of interest in hobbies or activities

● Irritability
● Depressed mood
● Changes in sleep patterns (sleeping too much or too little)
● Changes in appetite (weight gain or weight loss)
● Feelings of guilt and hopelessness
● Fatigue or loss of energy
● Difficulty concentrating
● Suicidal thoughts
What treatment options are available for depression and pain?
Fortunately, there are a multitude of treatment options that can provide relief from the symptoms of both chronic pain and depression. These include, but are not limited to:
Ketamine Infusion — An innovative new treatment option, research has shown that IV
Ketamine Infusion can help up to 80% of patients find relief from depression symptoms
or pain.
● Medication — Analgesics or antidepressant medications may be prescribed, but these
treatments will not work for everyone and may take months at a time before relief is felt.
● Therapy — Psychotherapy or talk therapy can help a person identify harmful thinking
patterns and replace them with more positive ones
● Stress-Reduction Skills — Exercise, meditation, and muscle relaxation are useful in
combating not just pain but also the symptoms of depression.
● Support Group — Consider seeking out a support group made up of others suffering
from depression and chronic pain. These are filled with people suffering from the same
thing as you who may have helpful solutions.
If you think you are experiencing depression and chronic pain, it is important to speak to your
primary healthcare provider for treatment. Seeking out treatment is not a sign of weakness, and untreated depression or chronic pain will only get worse with time.

Ketamine Infusions

An innovative new treatment option, Ketamine is an FDA-approved anesthetic that has been found to provide rapid relief from depression and anxiety when infused at a low dose. The FDA
has recently approved Esketamine, a nasal spray comprised of a compound based on Ketamine, for the treatment of depression and other mood disorders. Research indicates that
Ketamine stimulates the regrowth of synapses within the brain, essentially rewiring the parts of the brain that may be causing distress. Ketamine is also available as an infusion. Some
researchers maintain a 75% success rate when treating those suffering from depression or anxiety with Ketamine Infusions.

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